Born: 07 April 1893
Died: 15 June 1970
Active Years: 1911 - 1970
Field: painting, illustration, drawing
José Sobral de Almada-Negreiros was a Portuguese painter and writer, born in the then colony of São Tomé e Príncipe. Besides literature and painting, Almada composed ballet choreographies, and worked on tapestry, engraving, murals, caricature, mosaic, azulejo and stained glass. Having drawn inspiration from Cubism and Futurist movements, Almada-Negreiros is considered one of the pivotal figures of the Modernist movement in Portugal.
He started working as a humorist and drawer in 1911, joining the first and second Portuguese Humorist salons, in 1912 and 1913.
In 1913, Almada-Negreiros made his debut as an artist on the occasion of his first individual exhibition, at the Escola Internacional de Lisboa, featuring 90 drawings.
Following the lead of other European vanguard movements of the early 20th century, Almada-Negreiros, along with writers Fernando Pessoa, Mário de Sá-Carneiro and painters such as Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso and Santa Rita Pintor, formed a group named "Orpheu’s generation". Intent on agitating, subverting and scandalizing the Portuguese conservative bourgeoisie and, by extension, all social conventions, the group launched a magazine – "Orpheu" – a journal of art and literature. Essentially, their aim was to produce a shift in the society’s mind frame, urging people to look to the future and to believe in their Man’s capacities.