Paul Gauguin

Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin
Self-Portrait - Paul Gauguin

Born: 07 June 1848; 190437

Died: 08 May 1903; 190438

Active Years: 1873 - 1903

Periods: Early works, Breton period, 1st Tahiti period, Paris period, 2nd Tahiti period

Field: painting, sculpture, engraving

Nationality: French

Art Movement: Symbolism, Post-Impressionism

School or Group: Pont-Aven School

Paul Gaugin was a French Post-Impressionist painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramist, and write, and was an important figure in the Symbolist movement, and his experimentation was indicative of the Synthetist style of modern art. He also paved the way to the appreciation of primitivism, as his paintings employed many of the simplistic techniques employed by Naïve artists. He lived with his family as a child, and moved to Orleans’ France at the age of seven. As an adult, he joined the French Navy and later was employed as a stockbroker. In France, he began painting in his free time, and became friends Camille Pisarro, who introduced him to other artists.

As an individual he was prone to bouts of depression and once attempted suicide. As a painter, he was disappointed with Impressionism, as he felt that the tradition of European painting had simply become imitative, and lacked the symbolic depth that he desired. He also thoroughly enjoyed the art of Africa and Asia, which was full of symbolic depth, vigor, and meaning.

In his escape from the traditional European paintings, he sought to find a tropical paradise, in which he could paint in an increasingly primitive style and live off the land. He left his wife and five children to live with her family, and spent a short time as a laborer on the Panama Canal. Lacking recognition for his work and with no money, he sailed to the tropical islands of Tahiti and Marquesas, in French Polynesia. His exploits there generated much interest, especially his reputed sexual exploits with young native girls, some of which appear as the subjects in his paintings. In Polynesia, he often sided with the natives in their conflicts with the church and colonial authorities, eventually writing a book about his experiences there.

Gaugin’s physical escape allowed his stylistic escape of post-Renaissance painting, as he paid little attention to classical perspective and eliminated gradations of color and shading. Inspired by the primitivism of the countries in which he lived, he also used primitive elements in his paintings to great success.

Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?, 1897

This is Paul Gaugin’s most famous painting, and he considered it his masterpiece, and the culmination of his thoughts. In Tahiti, as he was painting his masterpiece, Gaugin declared that he would commit suicide upon its completion. Although this was something he had previously attempted, this was not the case, as the artist died of syphilis in 1903. The painting was meant to be read from right to left, with the three main figures in the painting representing the three questions of the title. The figures are arranged from the beginning stages of life, from young figures with a child, to the middle aged figure in the middle, to the elder figure on the left of the painting. The idol in the background, situated behind the elder figure, represents the “Beyond.”

Wikipedia article
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Gauguin

Artworks by Style

Impressionism

Post-Impressionism

  • Still Life with Cherries - Paul Gauguin

    Still Life with Cherries, 1886

  • Suburb under snow - Paul Gauguin

    Suburb under snow, 1886

  • Still life with white bowl - Paul Gauguin

    Still life with white bowl, 1886

  • Still Life with Profile of Laval - Paul Gauguin

    Still Life with Profile of Laval, 1886

  • Pots and Boquets - Paul Gauguin

    Pots and Boquets, 1886

  • Red hat - Paul Gauguin

    Red hat, 1886

  • Rocks and sea - Paul Gauguin

    Rocks and sea, 1886

  • Schooner and three masters - Paul Gauguin

    Schooner and three masters, 1886

  • Stabble near Dieppe - Paul Gauguin

    Stabble near Dieppe, 1886

  • The boss's daughter - Paul Gauguin

    The boss's daughter, 1886

  • The vase of nasturtiums - Paul Gauguin

    The vase of nasturtiums, 1886

  • Vase of flowers - Paul Gauguin

    Vase of flowers, 1886

Japonism

Synthetism

Cloisonnism

Artworks by Periods

Early works

Breton period

1st Tahiti period

Paris period

2nd Tahiti period

Artworks by Genre

religious painting

mythological painting

literary painting

allegorical painting

genre painting

portrait

self-portrait

nude painting (nu)

cityscape

landscape

marina

animal painting

flower painting

still life

design

sketch and study

Artworks by Technique

chalk

charcoal

collage

colored pencils

fresco

gouache

oil

pastel

pencil

tempera

woodcut

ink

watercolor

References
http://www.paul-gauguin.net/
http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/gauguin.html
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/gauguin/
http://www.expo-gauguin.net/