Mykola Pymonenko

Mykola Pymonenko
Self-Portrait - Mykola Pymonenko

Born: 09 March 1862; Priorka, a suburb of Kyiv, Ukraine

Died: 26 March 1912; Kyiv, Ukraine

Field: painting, drawing

Nationality: Ukrainian

Art Movement: Realism

School or Group: Peredvizhniki (Society for Traveling Art Exhibitions), Kyiv Drawing School of Murashko

Genre: genre painting, portrait

One of the most eminent Ukrainian genre painters, Pymonenko was widely acclaimed in the Russian Empire; a member of the Imperial Academy of Arts since 1904 and of a progressive Peredvizhniki artistic movement and the turn of the century, a member of the Paris International Union of Arts and Literature, who created many paintings of rural and urban subjects.
A number of Pimonenko's paintings are, in fact, generalized portraits which are the embodiment of a popular ideal of the working man. The artist also turned to the theme of peasant labour, depicting typical scenes from everyday life against the backdrop of a landscape.
Pymonenko took part in the painting of the murals in Saint Volodymyr's Cathedral in Kyiv. In 1897, for these paintings received the Order of St. Anne's third degree.
Born in Kyiv in 1862 into a family of an iconography master. Father - Kornyliy (Cornelius) Danylovych Pimonenko erected altars and painted churches. Son-in -law
of Volodymyr Orlovsky, the famous painter.
From 1878 he studied at the Kyiv drawing school. His teachers were well-known Ukrainian artists M. Murashko, Y. Budkevych, Kh. Platonov. In 1881 passed the exam at the Kyiv educational district. His examination work were sent to the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts, and after the decision of the Council of 3 December, 1881,he gave a pernission to be a painting teacher in lower secondary schools.
From 1882 he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, but he had lung disease and material deprivation and due to them he left it in 1884. He was awarded with two small and one large silver medals of Petersburg Academy of Arts.
After returning to Kyiv, he taught at Kyiv Drawing School of Murashko.He took part in the exhibitions of the Society of South Russian Artists (1891–6) and Peredvizhniki society (from 1893) and became a member of the latter society in 1899. In 1909 he was elected a member of the Paris International Association of Arts and Literatures.
In 1901 was appointed a full-time teacher of drawing to the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, where he worked tili the last days of his life. In 1906 he also taught at the Kiev Art School and was one of the organizers of it.
Pymonenko produced over 700 genre scenes, landscapes, and portraits, many of which were reproduced as postcards. They include Wedding (The Kyiv Gubernia) (1891), Girls Fortune-telling (1893), Kyiv Flower Seller (1897), At the Market (1898), Victim of Fanaticism (1899), Before the Storm (1906), Hay Gathering in Ukraine (1907), Meeting a Compatriot (1908), Young People (At the Well) (1909), Hopak (1908; bought by the Louvre), and Paschal Matins (1910). Pymonenko also created illustrations for several of Taras Shevchenko's narrative poems, and in the 1890s he took part in painting the murals in Saint Volodymyr's Cathedral in Kyiv. Books about him have been written by Yakiv Zatenatsky (1955) and P. Hovdia (1957), and an album of his works was published in Kyiv.Пимоненко_Микола_Корнилович

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