Marcel Janco

Marcel Hermann Iancu

Marcel Janco

Born: 24 May 1895; Bucharest, Romania

Died: 21 April 1984, Israel

Field: painting, illustration, architecture, art theory, installation

Nationality: Jewish, Romanian

Art Movement: Dada, Constructivism

Genre: portrait, figurative painting

Marcel Janco was a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist. He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe. In the 1910s, he co-edited, with Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul. Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism. He parted with Dada in 1919, when he and painter Hans Arp founded a Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben.

Reunited with Vinea, he founded Contimporanul, the influential tribune of the Romanian avant-garde, advocating a mix of Constructivism, Futurism and Cubism. At Contimporanul, Janco expounded a "revolutionary" vision of urban planning. He designed some of the most innovative landmarks of downtown Bucharest. He worked in many art forms, including illustration, sculpture and oil painting.

Janco was one of the leading Romanian Jewish intellectuals of his generation. Targeted by antisemitic persecution before and during World War II, he emigrated to British Palestine in 1941. He won the Dizengoff Prize and Israel Prize, and was a founder of Ein Hod, a utopian art colony, controversially built over a deserted Palestinian Arab settlement.

Marcel Janco was the brother Georges and Jules Janco, who were his artistic partners during and after the Dada episode. His brother-in-law and fellow Constructivist promoter was the writer Jacques G. Costin, known as a survivor of 1940s antisemitism.

Wikipedia article
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Janco

Artworks by Style

Naïve Art (Primitivism)

Post-Impressionism

  • On the Way to Ein Hod - Marcel Janco

    On the Way to Ein Hod

Expressionism

Cubism

Abstract Art

Dada

Constructivism

Artworks by Genre

religious painting

illustration

genre painting

portrait

cityscape

landscape

marina

still life

design

figurative painting

abstract painting

sculpture

Artworks by Technique

oil

ink

silkscreen

oil on canvas